A Pocket Guide To First Aid Care

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A Pocket Guide To First Aid Care
 

【寵物緊急護理小知識】

每位主人都希望寵物健健康康,但往往難免出現突發的健康問題。緊急情況下,主人可以採取甚麼措施幫助寵物?Pets Central獸醫與大家分享了一些基本的護理知識,助您提前做好準備,應付突發事件。

  • 癲癇

癲癇發作或抽筋的成因複雜,可能性很多。一次或偶發的癲癇大多沒有大礙,但週期性或頻繁的發作則可能威脅性命。常見徵狀包括劇烈的肌肉抽搐、失去意識、流口水和表現虛弱等等。部分寵物可能會在癲癇發作前表現焦慮。

建議措施:

– 移走寵物周圍鋒利或堅硬的物品,確保遠離家具邊緣,防止寵物掙扎時受傷

– 不要在寵物病發時將任何物品放進牠們嘴裏

– 盡量以影片記錄病發過程,以便獸醫作出準確診斷

– 癲癇結束後,盡快到獸醫診所進行檢查

  • 接觸催淚煙

Dog grooming, washing or treatment催淚煙會刺激寵物的黏膜及肺部,因此主人必需留心。當寵物受到催淚煙影響,可能會揉眼、流眼淚、咳嗽、呼吸困難、嚴重作嘔或嘔吐。如果身處室外,請盡快帶寵物遠離受影響範圍。移動寵物時,主人可使用保鮮紙或手套保護雙手。如果身處室內,並發現催淚煙入屋,立即採取以下行動:

– 立即關上所有窗戶、風扇

– 打開抽氣扇和冷氣機來保持空氣循環

– 用清水為寵物徹底沖身,最好用生理鹽水沖洗眼睛及其他黏膜位置

– 若寵物出現嚴重徵狀,例如大口喘氣,便應盡快尋求獸醫協助

有關詳細應對措施,歡迎諮詢獸醫意見,或參閱香港獸醫學會的相關指引: http://www.hkva.org/teargas.asp

  • 食物中毒

Onion isolated on white background大部份寵物都很喜歡吃東西,不願放過任何食物,所以經常有食物中毒的風險。顫抖、缺乏協調能力、嘔吐、嗜睡,甚至癲癇發作等等,都是食物中毒的典型徵狀。誤食巧克力、洋蔥和葡萄或其他對寵物來說有毒的食物,是引致中毒的常見原因。

建議措施:

– 細心觀察,找出寵物囫圇吞下的食物種類

– 用清水為寵物漱口

– 不要嘗試催吐

– 記錄食物的數量和種類

– 到寵物診所求診時,帶同食物包裝,以幫助獸醫評估情況

由於個別寵物的情況和反應可能有所不同,主人一旦發現寵物不適,最好先行致電獸醫診所快速查詢,了解有關緊急護理措施是否適合您的寵物;如有需要到診所求診,也能讓獸醫盡早做好治療的準備。

謹記進行任何緊急護理之後,主人都應盡快帶寵物到獸醫診所,進行專業檢查和治療。讓我們一起守護寵物健康!

 

 

A Pocket Guide To First Aid Care

However well you take care of your pet, there’s always a chance that it will have unpredicted health problems. When an emergency strikes, what first-aid care should pet parents give their pet before visiting a clinic? Check out the professional advice from our vet below.

  • Seizures

Seizure causes of can be complicated and varied. One-off or rare occurrences should not be worrying, but periodic or frequent seizure is life threatening. Symptoms include drastic muscle twitching, loss of consciousness, drooling and weakness. Some pets might also show anxiety beforehand.

What to do:

  • Keep your pet away from hard or sharp items and edges to prevent potential harm if it thrashes around or struggles wildly
  • Do not put any object in your pet’s mouth when in seizure
  • Try to video seizures to help your vet give the most accurate diagnosis
  • When seizure is over, visit a vet as soon as possible

 

  • Tear Gas

Dog grooming, washing or treatmentPet parents need to be concerned about tear gas. It irritates mucous membranes and the lungs. Contact with tear gas may cause pets to rub their eyes, and show signs of watery eyes, coughing, difficulty in breathing, severe retching or vomiting. If you’re outside, get your pet away from the source as soon as possible. When handling your pet, use a wrap or gloves to protect your hands. If you are indoors and tear gas wafts in, act swiftly to:

– Close windows and turn off all fans

– Turn on extractor fans and air conditioners for ventilation

– Wash your pet with water; use saline to flush eyes and areas involving mucous membranes

– Seek help from your vet immediately if your pet shows severe signs (e.g. heavy breathing)

For more information, pet parents can contact their vet or refer to guidelines from The Hong Kong Veterinary Association: http://www.hkva.org/teargas.asp

  • Food poisoning

Onion isolated on white backgroundPets are like greedy children who scavenge any food they can find, so they are often at the risk of food poisoning. Tremors, lack of coordination, vomiting, lethargy or even seizure are some of the indicators. Chocolate, onions, grapes and other food products toxic to pets are common sources of sickness.

What to do:

– Carefully check out the type of food readily consumed by your pet

– Flush your pet’s mouth with clean water

– Do not attempt to induce vomiting

– Record the type and amount of food

– Bring the food packaging with you when visiting an animal clinic to help the vet make a better assessment

 

Since the condition and reactions of pets may vary, if there is an emergency, call your veterinary clinic for a quick inquiry to confirm what first-aid actions may be suitable. If a visit to the clinic is needed, the call will also help veterinarians prepare for the treatment in advance.

 

Any first-aid treatment should be followed by immediate veterinary care. Pet parents are advised to visit a vet professional for a further medical check-up. Together we safeguard our pets’ health.

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